An Afghan Poet Shapes Metal and Hard Words

turab

By 

KHOST, Afghanistan — The poet guided a strip of sheet metal into the ancient steel clippers, cutting shimmering triangles that fell with a dull clang on the shop floor.

In the background, a workman’s chorus filled the yard: a handsaw planing a log beam; a generator humming and catching; the groan of a giant diesel truck idling.

The harsh music of the workday welled up around Matiullah Turab, one of Afghanistan’s most famous Pashtun poets, in the garage where he earns a living repairing the colorful Pakistani caravan trucks that transport goods around the countryside.

The cadence of his nights, though, is his own: shaping poetry as hard and piercing as the tools he uses by day. Nature and romance carry no interest for him.

“A poet’s job is not to write about love,” he growled, his booming voice blending with the ambient noise of the workshop. “A poet’s job is not to write about flowers. A poet must write about the plight and pain of the people.”

With his unflinching words, Mr. Turab, 44, offers a voice for Afghans grown cynical about the war and its perpetrators: the Americans, the Taliban, the Afghan government, Pakistan.

War has turned into a trade

Heads have been sold

as if they weigh like cotton,

and at the scale sit such judges

who taste the blood, then decide the price

Taped versions of Mr. Turab’s poems spread virally, especially among his fellow ethnic Pashtuns, whom he unabashedly champions — a tribal affinity that alienates some Tajik and Hazara listeners. His close affiliation with Hezb-i-Islami — part Islamist political party, part militant group — has put off others.

But even as his social affiliations are narrow and divisive, his poetry has mass appeal. Mr. Turab reserves his charity for ordinary Afghans, weighed down by the grinding corruption and disappointment that have come to define the last decade of their lives.

Many see his poems, some of which were translated from Pashto for The New York Times by Mujib Mashal, as a counter to the daily spin showered on Afghans by the government, diplomats, religious leaders and the media.

O flag-bearers of the world,

you have pained us a lot in the name of security

You cry of peace and security,

and you dispatch guns and ammunition

Seated on a makeshift bench, his wool pakol hat tilted slightly and his clothing stained with grease, Mr. Turab surveyed the evening beyond his concrete workshop bay, a landscape of rags, wires and waste. The squalid heat was broken intermittently by a standing fan connected to a car battery. A neighboring vendor hammered a glacier of ice, cleaving chunks to sell to drivers passing by.

“There is no genuine politician in Afghanistan,” he said, briefly cracking a rare smile. “As far as I know, politicians need the support of the people, and none of these politicians have that. For me, they are like the shareholders of a business. They only think of themselves and their profit.”

He continued: “The Taliban are not the solution, either. Gone are those old days when the Taliban way of governing worked.”

He has no patience for preciousness in his own work or in others’, and he is particularly merciless with government officials. He ridicules them, saying they should stitch three pockets into their jackets: one to collect afghanis, one for dollars and a third for Pakistani rupees.

For all that disdain, however, Mr. Turab has remained popular in influential corners of the government. And President Hamid Karzai recently invited him to the presidential palace in Kabul.

“The president liked my poetry and told me I had an excellent voice, but I don’t know why,” he said. “I criticized him.”

In fact, he is quite widely in demand. Though he prefers to be home in Khost, Mr. Turab’s travel schedule still far outpaces the average metalsmith’s. People flock to his rare personal readings, and new poems posted on YouTube quickly become among the most-watched by Afghans. He is planning a trip to Moscow soon to receive an award from members of the Afghan diaspora there. And he visits the governor of Paktia, a friend, to perform on occasion.

Mr. Turab is the latest in a long roll call of poets cherished in Afghanistan, among the most famous of them Rumi, the Sufi mystic whose works of love and faith remain popular across the world. In this country, poetic aphorisms are woven into everyday talk, embraced by Afghans from all walks of life. In pockets of Kabul, it is not uncommon to see men bunched together as they transfer audio files of readings over Bluetooth from one cellphone to another.

Though poetry is loved, it seldom pays. Some writers have taken government jobs, finding the steady paycheck and modest responsibilities conducive to their work. Mr. Turab, for his part, has stuck to his dingy garage on the outskirts of Khost City.

“This is my life, what you see here: banging iron, cutting it short, making it long,” he said. “I still don’t call myself a poet.”

After the Soviet invasion in 1979, Mr. Turab, a teenager at the time, moved with his family to Pakistan. He came of age there, returning to Afghanistan only two decades later, with a trade, a wife and a modest following as a poet.

He kept refining his craft after his return, cultivating a broader audience. Under Taliban rule, he dared to publish a book of his work — a grave mistake.

“The Taliban beat me very badly,” he said, shaking his head, then proffering a smile. “After that, I decided publishing wasn’t such a good idea.”

Though he is an unabashed Pashtun loyalist, he has no love for the Taliban, who are closely identified with Pashtun tribes. He says he loathes the terror they cultivate and the way they have destabilized Afghanistan. And he excoriates them, for being as inept and out of touch as the Western-backed government.

O graveyard of skulls and oppression

Rip this earth open and come out

They taunt me with your blood,

and you lie intoxicated with thoughts of virgins

The dirt road outside his shop runs all the way to Pakistan, and its traffic is an economic lifeline. Vendors line the highway, selling everything from snow to keep the blistering heat at bay to seasonal fruit. Periodically a convoy of American vehicles passes, breaking the spell of an otherwise Afghan scene.

“Sometimes I’m amazed that things aren’t falling apart,” he said, clasping his hands together as he reflected on years of war and foreign presence here. “But then I realize there is a social law here that holds the country together, even if there is no governmental law.”

Though he has been critical of the American occupation, he does note the progress that has come with it: roads, electricity and schools. It is other parts of the Western legacy in Afghanistan that he worries about.

“Democracy will hurt and eliminate our tribal laws,” he said. “The medicine prescribed by democracy was not suitable for this society’s sickness.”

There is something else, which even the plain-spoken Mr. Turab seemed reluctant to confess: He is nearly illiterate. Though he can, with difficulty, read printed copy, he can neither write nor read the handwriting of others, he said. He constructs his poetry in his head, relying on memory to retain it and others to record it.

Mr. Turab grew up in a small village of Nangarhar Province, poor even by Afghan standards. His father was a farmer, and grew just enough to feed the family. Though they had little, he fondly remembers his youth — particularly the days spent learning from the village poet, a man he grew to love for his sharp words and honesty.

Assassinations and CIA Drug Money

Bruce G. Richardson

CIA: Global Drug Trafficking, Terrorist Affiliations, Political Assassination…Resolution by other (Unlawful, Unethical and Immoral) Means

Assassination is one of the oldest tools of power-politics, dating back as far as recorded history.

Osama bin Laden: The execution-style killing of Osama bin Laden on May 1st in Abbottabad, Pakistan has raised objections and outrage among acclaimed jurisprudents worldwide. Referring to the killing as “murder” and or “political-assassination,” debate among jurists has fueled the fires of criticism against the Obama Administration’s extra-legal foreign policies. To deflect international criticism, and to preserve the American people’s support for a seemingly senseless and endless war, the Obama Administration and their accomplices in the media have embarked on an amorphous game of legal-semantics. Assassination proscribed under U.S. and international law, is now cast in terms of “targeted killing” in administration-legalese. “Targeted killing” is the more recently- coined euphemism for sanctioned murder, and as was “collateral damage”, devised to blunt criticism for the unwarranted and indiscriminate slaughter of civilians by the U.S. military.

Self Defense?: Administration lawyers using highly-questionable legal interpretations that as yet have not been adjudicated in a court of law, as with the latent controversy over torture, have taken the position that so-called “targeted killing” is lawful under national and international statutes as a tool of self-defense in the war on terror. Under this Draconian self-serving legal interpretation, civilian casualties and deaths have risen 23% over this same period one year ago according to a UN report. This, a frequent tactic of Israel and the U.S. raises complex questions and leads to contentious disputes, as to the legal and moral basis for its application. Would history and the rule of law have not been better served with a public trial of Osama bin Laden in a court of law?

Benazir Bhutto: An assassin’s bullet took the life of former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto on December 27, 2007. On September 28, 2009, General Mirza Aslam Beg, Pakistan’s former Army Chief of Staff said that CIA contractor Blackwater was directly involved in the assassination of former Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. He said that Pakistan’s President Musharraf had given Blackwater permission to carry out terrorist operations in the cities of Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Peshawar, and Quetta. In an Al-Jazeera TV interview the general said that the U.S. killed Benazir Bhutto when she violated an agreement she had with the CIA… to not return to Pakistan. General Beg was Army Chief of Staff during Bhutto’s first administration. See: (Washington Post, 1/18/08 and Al-Jazeera, 9/28/2009). A highly controversial figure, the Prime Minister was thought a corrupt official and was known to traffic in stolen antiquities. Some of Afghanistan’s most rare and historic treasures were in her possession. Among her collection of rare antiquities were the world-renowned “Begrami-Ivories”, but to the chagrin of Afghan antiquities curatorial activists, without benefit of legal title. The Begrami-Ivories are believed to date from the Kushan period.

Notwithstanding the fact that Baitullah Mehsud is the alleged shooter, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister, M. Shah Mahmoud has asked for a full investigation of CIA complicity by the United Nations. A recent poll of the people of Pakistan indicated that a majority believe President Musharraf ordered the assassination of Benazir Bhutto at the behest of the CIA. (See: South Asian Analysis Group, #287, Pakistan’s ISI, B. Rahman, 2001, and Dawn, Yousaf Nazar, 1/31/2008).

Ahmad Shah Massoud: Assassinated on September 9, 2001. Well-informed political commentators have long held that the assassination of Ahmad Shah Massoud at the hands of Tunisian/al-Qaeda operatives was but self-serving propaganda, a tactic of the information-war. Representatives of the Northern Alliance lost no time in accusing the Taliban and al-Qaeda of the incident. But as the recent Oslo terrorist attack clearly demonstrates, there are those who seize what they view as an opportunity to accuse their enemies for political advantage. The Western media and President Obama, for example…immediately accused Muslims for the carnage that turned out to be by the hand of a deranged right-wing Christian fundamentalist.

Truth however, in time, is generally revealed. In the years following Massoud’s death, Belgian and French investigators arrested various individuals for the complicity in the assassination. However, the European investigators did not address critical questions about how the operation played out on the ground. How did two al-Qaeda operatives gain proximity to Massoud, bypassing the rigid screening process routinely employed and required to reach Massoud? How did they get the explosives through various layers of physical screening and bring them into Massoud’s presence? The assassin’s cameras were allegedly “stuffed with explosives.” Yet it has recently been shown that Massoud’s security apparatus was in possession of the latest incarnation of high-tech “explosives sniffers,” a gift from his CIA handlers, technology that would with certainty reveal [any] presence of explosives. We know too that Rasul Sayyaf facilitated the entrance of the assassins into Northern Afghanistan and that Mohammad Qasim Fahim failed to vet the foreign visitors as was his responsibility. So, it would seem that two imposters, fake journalists from Tunisia, posing as Moroccans with Belgian passports, along with their equipment , including the cameras they proposed to use to record their interview with Massoud…were never physically screened.

A lone assassin survived the blast that took the life of Ahmad Shah Massoud and one of the alleged assassins, but curiously…was shot while allegedly trying to escape… conveniently taking his secrets along with himself to his grave… forever silenced.

As heretofore reported; in June of 2007, Ambassador Massoud Khalili, as sole survivor, told the (Indian Press) that he observed a “bright streak of light”, a telltale, recognized-signature generated by super-heated exhaust gasses emanating from a rocket’s motor, just moments before the explosion. (See: Afghanistan, a Search for Truth, Bruce G. Richardson, 2009, p.47 and Jane’s Defense Weekly, Missile Signatures, 11/27/01).

It has been therefore concluded in many circles that Massoud’s death was advanced by the personal and political ambitions of key figures in the Northern Alliance. High-profile figures such as the wily Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, so adored by the Western media, and “Marshall” Fahim, now serving as President Hamid Karzai’s First Vice President, both of whom now well-positioned for upward political mobility as a result of Massoud’s assassination. In addition, other casus belli are present: a long-standing and vitriolic disputation surrounding vast financial holdings in real-estate and bank accounts have been a major bone of contention between Ahmad Shah Massoud and others of Jamiat’s-hierarchy. (See: The Real Winner of Afghanistan’s Election, Foreign Policy, H.M. Leverett, Afghan Post, 2008).

Dr. Abdur Rahman: Assassinated on February 14, 2002. In an article entitled: The Assassination of the Man with Two Names, Bruce G. Richardson, (See: DAWAT, English Edition and Afghan/German Online, Pashto edition: translation by Rahmat Arya, July, 2011),and according to Abdul Hai Warshan, a close friend of Massoud, “the motive behind his assassination was linked to the fact that Dr. Abdur Rahman was opening up and revealing details of Ahmad Shah Massoud’s past contacts and cooperation with the KGB, CIA, India, Iran, and other intelligence agencies. He did not support Massoud in his war against the Taliban and was opposed to the pro-Russia policies of Shura-i-Nizar.” (See: War without end, Behroz Khan, Newsline, March, 2002, and see: Afghanistan, Political Frailty and External Interference, Dr. Nabi Misdaq, 2006, p. 212, and American Raj, Liberation or Domination, Resolving the Conflict between the West and the Muslim World, Eric S. Margolis, 2008, p. 196).

Relatives of the slain minister believe that Muhamad Younis Qanooni, Muhammad Qasim Fahim and Dr. Abdullah-Abdullah were responsible for his death in order to silence his criticism and expose over their respective participation in and collaboration with the Soviets, and as well, with India and Russia. (See: Afghanistan, a Search for Truth, Bruce G. Richardson, 2009, p.104, and American Raj, Liberation or Domination, Resolving the Conflict between the West and the Muslim World, Eric S. Margolis, 2008, p.196).

In addition to previously cited sources, S. Frederick Starr, chairman of the Central Asia Institute at the Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at John Hopkins University and Martin Strmecki, President of the Roosevelt Foundation, wrote in the (February 26, 2002 edition of the Wall Street Journal under the title: Time to Ditch the Northern Alliance), “that it was the Northern Alliance themselves that successfully engineered the assassination of the slain Minister of Civil Aviation and Tourism.”

War on Drugs: From American War Machine, Former diplomat, internationally acclaimed political scientist and Professor Emeritus of English at the University of California, Berkeley, author Peter Dale Scott writes:

“Beginning with Thailand in the 1950s, Americans have become inured to the CIA’s alliances with known terrorists, drug traffickers (and their bankers) to install and sustain right-wing governments, The modus- operandi has repeated itself in Laos, Vietnam, Italy, Mexico, Thailand, Nigeria, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Panama, Honduras, Turkey, Pakistan and now Afghanistan. The relationship of the U.S. intelligence operations and agencies to the global drug traffic, al-Qaeda, and to other criminal networks deserves greater attention in the debate over the U.S. presence in Afghanistan. After World War II, the United States, along with Britain and France, recurrently used both drug networks and terrorist groups as assets or proxies in the Cold War. By backing these groups, the great powers greatly increased the power and scope of both the drug traffic and terrorist groups. As a result, in the long run, they contributed to powerful forces that weakened the rule of law internationally and domestically.”

America’s wars on terror and drugs consist of both an amorphous structure and hypocritical DNA. When Obama visited Afghanistan in 2008, Gul Agha Shirzai was the first Afghan leader he met. The (London Observer reported on July 21, 2002), that in order to secure his acceptance of the new Karzai Government, Gul Agha Shirzai, along with other drug and warlords, had been “bought off” with millions of dollars in deals brokered by U.S. and British Intelligence. (See: American War Machine, Deep politics, the CIA Global Drug Connections and the Road to Afghanistan, Peter Dale Scott, 2010).

Unbeknownst to many Americans, and as a casualty of the information-war, the Taliban had virtually eliminated the production of opiates and heroin manufacture. Yet with the homogenized rendering of nightly newscasts across America, both the Bush and Obama Administrations alleged that the principal source of funding for the Taliban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan was derived from drug trafficking. An obvious dalliance with the truth with the intent to further demonize and de-legitimize the Taliban and others who resist the American occupation in the eyes of the American public, and to justify a war against a country and a people that cannot by any measure or reasonable standard be justified… and furthermore; a country and a people that had not [ever] threatened nor harmed the interests and or security of the U.S.

In addition to and in spite of America’s murky anti-terrorist and drug-DNA, manifest with the recruitment of known war criminals such as Rashid Dostum and others of the nefarious Northern Alliance, who were recruited and bribed with $500,000 in “stacks of newly-printed $100-dollar bills”, a first installment of a multitude of cash incentives by CIA operatives to further America’s grip on Afghanistan. And in recognition of the ancient proverbs: “don’t do what I do, do what I say, and the end justifies the means”, contrary to their public stance and rhetoric, America, throughout its history, has allied itself with the dregs of society, i.e., war criminals, drug lords, communists and terrorists. (See: First In, An Insider’s account of how the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan, Gary C. Schroen, 2005, p. 92, and Ghost Wars, Steve Coll, 2004, pp. 467 and 494).

American officials, however, were cautious, concerned over the fact that the Northern Alliance engaged in “major drug trafficking”, and worried about the potential political fallout once the obvious hypocrisy incorporated in their statecraft bridged the public’s-information chasm, a chasm that exists between professed and actual government policies. Yet, in the final analysis, history attests that the Northern Alliance, allied with their co-ethnic proxy-mercenaries from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, were utilized in a combat-support role (war crimes and drug trafficking notwithstanding) to provide both target coordinates of Taliban positions and troops to fight alongside American forces against the Taliban. (See: The Main Enemy, Milt Bearden, and James Risen, 2003 and American War Machine, and Deep Politics, the CIA Global Drug Connection, and the Road to Afghanistan, Peter Dale Scott, pp. 23,25, 236, 2010).

Beneficiaries, real as opposed to imagined and or alleged from opium trafficking:

On November 21, 2005, Uzbek President Islam Karimov evicted the American military from their base of operations in Kush-Khanabad under a status-of-force codicil incorporated in the “tenant” basing agreement. The airbase had been used by the U.S. for operations against Afghanistan. The reason given for the expulsion was that American aircraft bound for Europe and other destinations were known to be laden with opium. Sources speculate that this move by Karimov, under extraordinary pressure from Russia, itself worried about the burgeoning illicit drug activity in their own backyard, and the close proximity of NATO forces, may have also been in retaliation for the U.S. calling for a UN special investigation into the Karimov’s Administration’s brutal response to demonstrators by their security forces during the uprising in Andijan. (See: Global Research, 11/21/05).

Witnesses have revealed that American military aircraft flying out from Bagram Airbase in Afghanistan have as well been observed transporting drugs. Author of (American War Machine), Peter Dale Scott, and Alfred W. McCoy, author of (The Politics of Heroin, CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, 2003), provide a detailed listing of major American banks that have made billions by laundering drug profits from opium originating in Afghanistan. In addition, allegations have surfaced that the U.S. is financing its war in Afghanistan with drug profits. From a former Russian general with Cold War experience in Afghanistan:

“Americans themselves admit that drugs are often transported out of Afghanistan on American planes. Drug trafficking in Afghanistan brings them about 50 billion a year…which fully covers the expenses tied to keeping its troops there. Essentially, they are not going to interfere and stop production of drugs.” (See: Afghan Drug Trafficking Brings U.S. $50 Billion a Year, General Mahmut Gareev, Russia Today, 8/20/09).

The blatant hypocrisy extant with America’s wars of terror and drugs are profoundly manifest with the widely published recruitment of known war criminals, and with irrefutable photographic evidence as published on the cover of Peter Dale Scott’s book, American War Machine; a provocative photograph depicts a contingent of U.S. Marines engaged in guarding, as opposed to destroying, a poppy field in Afghanistan.

Bruce G. Richardson

April joke or what? Mullah Omar can contest Afghanistan election, says Karzai

Saw a news clip where Hamid Karzai says that Mullah Omar can contest Afghanistan election. The only problem is that no one has seen or heard from Mullah Omar for many years now. Second problem is that Taliban has never accepted the constitution of Afghanistan that has been dictated by Northern Alliance together with “Invading Nations”. Looking back to the previous elections we can remember that Taliban banned and attacked voters going to voting stations. How likely will it be that Mullah Omar will take part in Afghanistan’s elections?

 

BERLIN: Afghan President Hamid Karzai has told a German newspaper that Taliban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar could run for president in elections next year.

Karzai’s government has agreed the Taliban can open an office in Qatar if the group breaks all ties with al Qaeda and renounces terrorism. Karzai was in Qatar Sunday to discuss the issue.

Karzai said in an interview published Tuesday by the German daily Sueddeutsche Zeitung that authorities have “sporadic contacts” with the Taliban. He said that the Afghan constitution is valid for all Afghans and “the Taliban also should benefit from it.”

Asked whether Mullah Omar should seek the presidency, Karzai was quoted as saying: “He can become a candidate for the presidency and give Afghans the opportunity to vote for or against him.”

Obaidullah Obaid minister of higher education – deep in corruption

obaidullah obaid minister of higher education
obaidullah obaid minister of higher education

 

The Afghan minister of higher education Obaidullah Obaid was recently exposed by buying a car for more 7,7 million afghanis. By digging deeper it showed up that he had granted and sent 1000 Hazaras to Malaysia by selling scholarships to them.  By favoring  and take a stand for the Hazara and simultaneously discriminate Pashtoons has proved to be a profitable business idea. The corruption in Afghanistan has started to take place in all ministries and on every level. Obaidullah Obaid has not only gained money but also taken a political position by helping Hazara to higher education. A recent report published by United Nations indicates that cost of corruption in Afghanistan is nearly $4 billion.
Extract from that report below:

The total cost of corruption in Afghanistan has significantly increased over the past three years to $3.9 billion, according to a United Nations survey released today, which says that in spite of fewer people paying bribes, the practice is still having detrimental effects due to its frequency.

In 2012, half of Afghan citizens paid a bribe while requesting a public service and nearly 30 per cent of them paid a bribe for a private sector service, states the survey on trends and patterns of corruption produced by the High Office for Oversight and Anticorruption and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

While these figures are high, there is evidence of progress, as 59 per cent of the adult population had to pay at least one bribe to a public official in 2009. However, the frequency of bribery has increased from 4.7 bribes to 5.6 bribes per bribe-payer and the average cost of a bribe has risen from $158 to $214, a 29 per cent increase in real terms.

“The bribes that Afghan citizens paid in 2012 equals double Afghanistan’s domestic revenue or one fourth of the Tokyo pledge,” said the UNODC Regional Representative, Jean Luc Lemahieu, referring to the international donors’ conference held in Japan in July, in which $16 billion was pledged for Afghanistan’s economic development in the next four years on the condition that the Government reduce corruption before receiving all of the money.

“Nobody doubts the seriousness of the issue, the art is to design the correct strategy to remedy the situation,” said Mr. Lemahieu.

While corruption is seen by most Afghans as one of the most urgent challenges facing their country, it seems to be increasingly embedded in social practices, with patronage and bribery being an acceptable part of day-to-day life.

The survey, which was based on a sample of 6,700 Afghan citizens over the age of 18 across the country, stated that 68 per cent of those interviewed considered it acceptable for a civil servant to top up a low salary by accepting small bribes from service users. Similarly, 67 per cent of citizens considered it sometimes acceptable for a civil servant to be recruited on the basis of family ties and friendship networks.

In most cases, bribes are paid to obtain better or faster services, while in others bribes are offered to influence deliberations and actions such as police activities and judicial decisions, thereby eroding the rule of law and trust in institutions.

In particular, the survey points to the education sector as one of the most vulnerable to corruption, with the percentage of those paying a bribe to a teacher jumping from 16 per cent in 2009 to 51 per cent in 2012.

“Afghans know that corruption is eating at the fabric of their society,” said Mr. Lemahieu. “The solution is not only to be found within the Government but also within the wider community.” Source: UN

 

مالیزیا پوهنتونو کی ۱۰۰۰ هزاره ګان بورسیه شول

اوس اوس مالیزیاته په رسمي سفر او یو بانکي ټریننګ ته تللی وم. او زما چی په دی غل وزیر ډیر باور وو، خو زه دده په څیره غولیدلی وم. د عالي تحصیلات وزیر څومره وخت مخکی مالیزیا ته تشریف راوړی وو. او دده پرځای چی د مالیزیا د حکومته د کومک غوښتنه وکړی، ده په خلاصه سینه ورته وویلی چی ما لا تر اوسه خپله بودیجه ۴۰ فیصده هم نده خلاصه کړی. او غواړم چی افغان محصلین مالیزیا ته په پخپله بودیجه راواستوم.
د مالیزیا د عالي تحصیلاتو وزیرچی خدای خدای یی کاوه چی افغانستان ورڅخه د دوه دری زرو محصلینو لپاره سکالرشپ ونه غواړي، د افغان وزیر نه سخت خوشاله شو، عبید جان ورته زیاته کړه، موږ ډیری پیسی لرو او غواړو چی خپل محصلین دلته وروځو. د مالیزیا وزیر به حتما ځان سره فکر کاوه چی موږ خو هر کال په ملیونو ډالر لګوو چی حکومتی محصلین مالیزیا ته را جزب کړو او روزانه په کویټ او سعودی کی ناست او خدا خدای کوو چی عربان به خپل بچیان دلته راولیږي. ته [وزیر] راغلی یی چی د افغانستان بودیجه دلته مصرف کړی، داخو موږ باندی اسماني رحمت دی. رازه موږ به هم تا ونازه وو. اوس نو ته پوهیږی او کار دی.
بالاخره د مالیزیا د وزیر اجازی ته خو ضرورت هم نه وو ځکه چی د افغانستان عالي تحصیلاتو وزارت هر محصل ته ۲۵۰ ډالر اعاشه او ددوی اباته او د درس او کتاب او قلم پیسی مختلفو پوهنتونو ته جاري کړی.
خو. یو پوهنتون دیرش محصلین چی وزارت تکړه او نمرات یی د ۸۰ سلنی نه اوچتی ښولی وۍ په اصلی اسنادو کی یی توپیر او ۵۰ سلنی کمی وی. نو اسلامی پوهنتون دا چاڼ شوی او سفارتی سفارشی نالایقانو قبولی ورته ډیره مشکله وه. نو سفارت ته یی وی ویل که دا نور محصلین هم بیرته ځی بخیر دی ولاړ شي. د ۹۷۰ محصلینو لست چی پوهتنون پس د چاڼه ۳۷۰ ته راکوز کړی. یو فیصد محلصین هم د لست مطابق نمری نه درلودی.
وزارت او په کوالا لمپور کی د افغانستان جاهل سفارتیانو ۱۰۰۰ کسان یوازی د مالیزیا اسلامی پوهنتون ته د افغانستان فوق العاده محصلین معرفی کړی ول.
پوهنتون یو ځل بیا چاڼ پکی وکړ، او تقریبا ۲۵۰ محصلینوته یی قبولی ورکړه. محصلین پخیر راغلل. پوهنتون د ټولو اصلی اسناد وغوښتل. دوی وکتل چی ۹۹ فیصده معلومات ضد او نقیذ دی. هغه کسانو ته چی دوی یی معادل ۹۵ فیصده ښودلي وو، ۶۰ هم نه وو. نو بالآخره اسلامی پوهنتون چی د افغان وزارت د پیسو او بی ځایه واسطی قیصه کی نه وو، دیرمحصیلینو ته یی وویل چی تاسو یا کډی بار کړی او یا به مو یو وړوکی کالج باندی خرڅ کړو. دی دیرش بی سرنوشته محصلینو باره کی سفارتیانو او وزارتیانو وویل، اسلامی پوهنتونه خدای ته ګوره پرتوګ په سر مه راړوه، دا نالایقان چی په هرچا خرڅوی خرڅ یی کړی خو خدای ته ګورۍ چی کابل ته یی مه رالیږی ځکه دا ټول د وزیرانو خپلوان او د پارلمان د غړو او ددوی د خپلوانو ځامن دی په غم مو مه اړوه. نو د مالیزیا اسلامی پوهنتون هم دا نالیقان ټول په بل کالج وپلورل. د اسلامي پوهنتون پاتیشونکی لیست بیا سفارت نورو پوهنتونو ته رسما پیش کړی او د هغوی یی قبولیانی اخیستی.
خیر اوس ګوره چی څه به واوري.
په ۱۰۰۰ محصلینو کی ۴۰ پښتانه هم نشته. پوهنتون ته ویل شوی چی موږ د هر ولایت په سطحه په هر اینټیک کی د هر ولایت په سطحه دری محصلو ته بورس ورکړی. نو ته خپله فکر وکړه چی تاسو په ۱۰۰۰ بورسونو کی ۶۰۰ بورسونه د ازاره ګانو دی، ۲۵۰ تاجیکان او ۴۰ پښتانه بقیه نور اقلیتونه.
وزیر څه قسم ویش کړی. خو خیر سفارت هم خپل رول لوبولي، دوی هم خپل لست ور داخل کړی. سفارت وایی دا لست د وزارته راغلی او وزارت وایی د بعضی کسانو نه خبر نلري.
بیا جالبه داده چی د ۱۰۰۰ کسانو لپاره وزیر دوه اجینټان ټاکلی، چون د مالیزا د پوهنتونو د قانو په اساس یو اجنټ د یو محصل په سر د پوهنتونه ۵۰۰ ډالر حق الزحمه اخستی شی. نو پدی کی د پوهنتون یو استاد ورته معرفي شوی، نو اوس هغه استاد خو په ښکاره د هر افغان محصل په سر ۵۰۰ ډالر اخیستی، خودا چی دا استاد به په سفارت یا وزارت کی چاسره شریک وی، نو الله ته پته ده.
نوي افغان محصلین: په دویمه دریمه ورځ به دا محصلین په میترو کی لس او شل یو ځای چکر وتل. یوه میاشت مخکی دوه محصلینو شرط تړلی چی د میترو پټلی ته ور ودانګی، یو افغان محصل پټلی ته دانګلي او میټرو زر ترزره خلکو په چیغو او سرو ودرولي وه. پولیس راغلی ول او دواړه یی نیولي ول. دا یوه ورځ د مالیزیا په ټول اخبارونو کی راغلل او د افغان محصلینو فرهنګ یی مالیزیانو ته په خپل اول سمیستر کی معرفي کړ.
کرزی صاحب ته زه هیڅ نه وایم ځکه چی پدی وزیرانو چی څومره ه نازیږی هماغومره پښتانه ډغری خوري. خو نه پوهیږی چی د عالی تحصیلاتو وزیر به نور څومره ګلونه په نورو ملکو کی کرلي وي.

Masoud and other Afghan criminals

Afghanistan’s Political Dilemma…Foreign-Cultivated, Co-opted Leadership
“Massoud worked for us, Massoud kept the Salang open for us…he would not allow anyone to attack us”…Mikhail Gorbachev, BBC World Pashto Service, February 15, 2004
Life is hard. Some things just defy all compassion, logic, reason and understanding, especially so for Afghans, a population constantly under siege in a war-torn country.
Since the advent of the Soviet/Afghan War (1979-1989), the political landscape of Afghanistan has been littered with the hopes, dreams and physical remains of those caught in the cross-fire between invading armies, proxy-militias, collaborators, warring factions and other political entities. Rising from the ashes which they helped to create, the Northern Alliance, with their troubled and sordid history have attempted to reinvent themselves. At a recent press-conference, presidential hopeful Dr. Abdullah Abdullah exclaimed that the “Government has done little to rebuild the economy, erect infrastructure and bring people out of enduring poverty during Karzai’s ten-years running the country.” But tortured logic and syntax by aspiring politicians with dubious, if not criminal credentials cannot alter the political reality and thereby regain the people’s confidence with empty sloganeering. The Northern Alliance or National Coalition have and remain the odds-on favorites of Russia, Iran, India and both the Bush and Obama Administrations. And in that role, they have overseen, aided and abetted the Soviet invasion and occupation as proxies, and presently serve as architects or mirror images of their Soviet incarnation for the American invasion and occupation. (1, 7, 8, 9) See: The Soldiers Story, Soviet Veterans Remember the Afghan War, Anna Heinamaa and Maija Leppanen, 1994, pp. 113-122.
It is as if one awoke from a bad dream or nightmare to find that the Northern Alliance, also known as, a.k.a. The National Coalition of Afghanistan is being groomed by the U.S. Administration to assume the mantle of power in Afghanistan. According to Human Rights Watch, at least 70 candidates with links to the Northern Alliance were on the 2009 presidential ballot. While election laws disallowed candidates with links to illegal armed groups, and the Karzai government had banned some 50 others that had been identified as members of illegal armed groups, many of the more powerful war lords simply bypassed this proscription by registering their militia as a private security company. Also, many of Karzai’s key allies are alleged to have committed widespread human rights violations and war crimes. Human Rights Watch has called for VP Karim Khalili and key ally, former Army Chief of Staff Abdul Rashid Dostum, to face a special court for alleged war crimes. Khalili is charged with the killing of thousands of innocent people. Karzai’s other Vice President, Mohammad Qasim Fahim and former Energy Minister Ismael Khan, have been named by human rights organizations as among the worst perpetrators. Marshall Fahim is accused of having served as a former communist secret police chief, murdering prisoners of war during the 1980s and participating in kidnappings and other crimes as well. (2)
The Marshall is also alleged to have ties to drug trafficking. As a critical ally of the U.S., Marshall Fahim worked closely with the CIA in the 2001 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan as he had with the Soviets during the Soviet/Afghan War, a pattern of foreign-collaboration that had been established by the late Shura-i-Nizar impresario, Ahmad Shah Massoud. (3, 7, 8, 9) See: Main Intelligence Directorate (MID) of the General Headquarters, USSR Armed Forces. Title: ‘The Lion of the Panjshir,’ Article no. 18, (No. 882/83-3-3-S-77, Fond 80, Perechen 14, Document 77), translation of excerpts by Elena Kretova Information Services, Moscow.
A majority of the Afghan people hate these powerbrokers, angered that they have evaded accountability for human rights abuses, Soviet collaboration, and regained power as proxies of the Soviets from 1979-1989, and presently the CIA from the 2001 U.S. invasion to the present. (3) See: Afghanistan, Political Frailty and External Interference, Dr. Nabi Misdaq, 2006, pp. 162, 203-213.
If the 2009 presidential election is an omen of future endeavors, than the 2014 election will be characterized by a lack of security, low voter turnout, and widespread ballot stuffing and other election fraud. It has been alleged that the CIA participated in ballot stuffing to secure a win for their man…Hamid Karzai. The Taliban called for a boycott of the 2009 contest describing it as a “program of the crusader” and “the American process.” (4)
When assessing a candidate’s qualifications for elected office, among the primary essentials are patriotism, a verifiable-absence of any record of the candidate acting in the commission of war crimes, a working knowledge of the cultural, social and economic needs of the people he or she purports to represent. Those from the Northern Alliance enmeshed in the 2014 election cycle therefore do not possess the necessary qualifications. While few would lament the passing of Hamid Karzai from the president’s foreign-supported mantle of power, fewer still can underwrite or vote for those candidates from the Northern Alliance, formerly known as the IOAP, Jamiat, Shura-i- Nizar, and presently, The National Coalition of Afghanistan.
The act of re-calibrating or re-naming a political entity is generally taken to hide past abuses of power, malfeasance, and or dereliction of duty from electoral scrutiny. Afghans cannot but recall that on 25 December 1999, President Burhanuddin Rabbani trekked to Moscow where in an act of genuflection to Russian President Vladimir Putin, traded away Afghanistan’s right to sue Russia for war reparations in exchange for arms with which to fight the Taliban. A verbatim copy of his groveling letter to the Russian President can be found on pages 150-151 of Afghanistan a Search for Truth, Bruce G. Richardson, 2009.
The crimes of former Deputy Defense Minister Abdul Rashid Dostum, another of the Northern Alliance luminaries, are legendary in scope. In 1997, according to a recent article in Dharb-i-Mu’men, Dostum is responsible for the massacre of 8,450 POWs at Balkh and Dasht-i-Laili in 1997. The prisoners were slaughtered under orders of Abdul Mailk, deputy to Dostum. Initially, the atrocity was treated as propaganda by the mainstream media and the United Nations Commission for Human Rights who have as yet to investigate the incident. In yet another atrocity, the bloody ethnic cleansing of Pashtuns by elements of the Northern Alliance and their foreign sponsors is also well-known and certifiably documented. (5, 9)
Isabelle Khan of UNCHR has called for war crimes tribunals to be established for Afghanistan. In predictable fashion, former Foreign Minister Dr. Abdullah Abdullah has stated that any war crimes should be limited to the Taliban regime. “We should forget the past and move to the future” he said. President Obama has promised Physicians for Human Rights that he “would collect evidence of this atrocity and make a decision based on the findings.” This promise was made two years ago. As yet, the president has not undertaken the initiative to convene an investigation of his erstwhile allies in the war on terror…the Northern Alliance. In addition to alleged war crimes many members of the Northern Alliance have sequestered billions of illegal dollars acquired from various foreign sponsors during their tenure, most of which is invested in the UAE. (6)
Russian, Indian and Iranian support of the Northern Alliance is well documented. Within which compilation, it is reputed that Dr. Abdullah Abdullah has strong ties to Russia and India while others in the National Coalition harbor similar sympathies. Thus the question becomes, if history be our guide, will the budding candidates from the Northern Alliance, newly resuscitated as the National Coalition of Afghanistan, represent and pursue Afghanistan’s Russia’s, India or Iran’s interests? (7, 8, 9)With the history of the Jihad period recorded for posterity, and serving as a political template…the answer, while troubling is obvious. Were the National Coalition for Afghanistan to assume power in Afghanistan it would undoubtedly guarantee a continuation of the seemingly endless and ongoing cycle of foreign cultivation, patronage and violence… as they would most assuredly be rejected by the Afghan people. See: Plamya Afgana by Deputy Soviet Advisor to Dr. Najibullah, General A.A. Liakhovskii, 1999, and 2004, pp.485-486, 630-674, Russian to English translation for the Cold War in History Project, Washington, D.C. (CWIHP) by Gary Goldberg.
Bruce G. Richardson, 1/2013
Notes:
(1) Afghanistan’s Troubling Political Landscape, ‘Asia Times’, B. Khan, 11/02/11, p.13A.
(2) Post- Taliban Afghanistan,’ Afghanistan, a Search for Truth’, Bruce G. Richardson, 2009, pp. 270-273.
(3) Ibid.
(4) Afghanistan’s Troubling Political Landscape, ’Asia Times’, B. Khan, 11/02/11, p.13A.
(5) Post-Taliban Afghanistan, ‘Afghanistan, a Search for Truth’, Bruce G. Richardson, 2009, pp. 270-273.
(6) Ibid.
(7) Interview: With Shahnawaz Tanai, Khalqi Defense Minister, 1988, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, November 12, 1997. Translation by Sayed Noorulhaq Husseini.
(8) Interview: With Ismael Khan, Sarpooza Prison, October 26, 1997.Translation by Sayed Noorulhaq Husseini. Ismael Khan signed a truce with Soviet generals to allow for safe passage for and withdrawal of Soviet troops.
(9) American Raj, Liberation or Domination, Resolving the Conflict between the West and the Muslim World, Eric S. Margolis, 2006, pp. 196, 199.

Text of speech enunciated by two representatives of Taliban in Paris

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Text of speech enunciated by Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan at research conference in France

The full text of speech enunciated by two representatives from Political Office of Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, Mawlawi Shahbuddin Dilawar and Doctor Muhammad Naeem, at research conference in Chantilly of France convened from 20-21/12/2012:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful – All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, and may His peace and blessing be upon the noblest of prophets and messengers, his family and companions.

We foremost thank Foundation for Strategic Research as well as its Director, Camille Grand, for taking practical steps, on basis of humanitarian sympathy, towards peace and tranquility for the Afghan nation and especially for affording an opportunity to the Islamic Emirate to express its viewpoint. We also thank all other parties that have strived for this cause.

Balance of political power in the future government of Afghanistan

In the future Islamic government of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, the balance of power or participation in government of by all Afghan parties must be implemented in the constitution upon below specifications:

1 – Codification of Constitution

Every power and system of government in the current world needs a complete and clear constitution to organize and coordinate its internal and foreign affairs in order to pave the way for advancement and prosperity of its citizens and so that every person properly grasps their role in the confines of law. Constitution is integral for every government because, without it, the affairs of development of its nation and country will face disorder and numerous obstacles. The personal, civil and political rights of all citizens of Afghanistan shall be regulated through the Constitution; rights shall be given to all brother ethnicities without discrimination; will make clear relations between the government and people; will shed light on balance of government three structured powers; will determine government’s type, administration and powers; in sum, will gain acceptance from the Afghan nation and the world regarding the internal and foreign policy of Afghanistan.

Therefore the Islamic Emirate, for the welfare, prosperity and advancement of its proud nation, considers such a constitution necessary which is framed on the principles of nobel Islam, national interests, historical achievements and social justice; abides by Human Rights and national values; guarantees the country’s sovereignty and rights of all its citizens and shall not contain any articles and clauses opposing Islamic principles, national interests and Afghan mores. With the blessing of constitution, way shall be paved for political power balance and all Afghan parties to participate in the upcoming government.

We clearly state the stipulations of the constitution shall be written by Afghan scholars in a free atmosphere and will then be presented to the nation for approval. The current constitution of Afghanistan is illegitimate because it is written under the shadows of B-52 aircrafts.

2 – 2014 elections

We believe that the 2014 elections are not beneficial for solving the Afghan quandary because these elections are planned under invasion and will take place during ongoing occupation therefore the results shall be no different than the previous elections. All observed that the 2004 and 2009 elections did not lessen but increased problems for the Afghans. So called National Assembly elections were also held twice however it failed to solve the nation’s problems but contrarily, increased them many folds. All this because elections laws, organizations and officials involved were created at the fancy and requests of foreigners while the demands and needs of the Afghans were not attended. The said elections did not only not solve the Afghan quandary but also brought shame to the western backers of the stooge regime; fraud was rampant, ballots went missing, vow ceremony faced dilemmas and holdups and the opening ceremony of national assembly faced several months delay.

3 – Islamic Emirate

The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan is an Islamic reality on the face of the planet, is the legitimate government of our beloved country, has every operational administration and has notable achievements in several areas. People in the majority parts of the country turn towards its courts, political activities in shape of a Political Office is known to everyone an example of which is our presence here and education is also forging ahead in many parts of the country with the Emirate’s help. America with the help of over forty (40) countries have invaded our country. The Islamic Emirate has carried out sacred Jihad against the occupation for over eleven years and has put forward notable sacrifices for the independence of its country and defense of its religion and honor. The Islamic Emirate had brought security to over 95% of the country before the invasion; had collected illegal weapons; had stopped narcotics; had secured borders of the beloved country; had provided education, work and open trade for the nation in complete security. We can even proudly state that in the previous reign of Islamic Emirate, we achieved things which the western world is unable to do even with its entire military and economic means.

It has repeatedly been expounded in the messages of Amir ul Mumineen that we are not looking to monopolize power. We want an all Afghan inclusive government. He has time and again urged his opposition for help in expelling the occupation. That he respects his political rivals, expounds on realization and understanding and asks for help from them in defense of our nation and honor, this clearly displays his goodwill and political insight.

4 – Sovereignty of Afghanistan

Allah Almighty has created humans free and independence is a part of their nature. No human society can make advancements in economics, politics, culture and science without independence or have control over its resources, talents and fruits of their work. Love with independence is naturally sown in the blood and body of the Afghans. History has shown that the Afghans have sacrificed their lives and everything dear for independence. All battles fought in the past decades against invasions have been for independence. No economic, military or political power has scared them in attaining their goal and neither has the lack of means, men and hard conditions been a hurdle.

If we want to once again pave the way for the country’s natural development and dignity then the independence of Afghanistan must be restored and occupation ended so that the Afghans can make decisions in the best interests of its power and people for the benefit of its nation.

It is also a reality that every nation, after attaining independence, has a need to maintain its borders, security and sovereignty and this need can only be accomplished through police and army faithful to its people, religion and nation. Therefore it is incumbent that our security apparatus be trained on religious principles and national spirit; is cleansed from prejudice on lingual, ethnical and regional basis and is bound to serving its people and securing its sovereignty. If it is not as such then such an army in not fit for maintaining its national and Islamic goals and neither can it be called a national army. Instead of working for national interests, it will be used against its religion, country and people. Hence, as much as Afghanistan needs an army, its reforming and proper training is also that much vital.

Afghanistan is an underdeveloped nation economically. It cannot maintain a highly paid army in the long term due to its expenses being several times higher than the country’s GDP. In such a condition, the government will be forced to abide by terms and sometimes unreasonable demands of lending nations, bringing the whole nation under the burden of interest and pushing them towards economic disaster. Due to this, it will be better for all Afghans to fulfill their obligation in securing the country.

It is also a reality that in the current world, a country cannot feel secure and at peace without a powerful defensive system and will have to always feel at danger. Hence it is necessary that Afghanistan builds a strong air force alongside a strong ground force in order to reassure its nation.

We must reiterate that independence is the key condition because in presence of an occupation, all this force will be used against its own people and for the goals of others. We observed in the past decade that an army built on political foundations gets used and is used against its people instead of the invasion and becomes the reason for many tragedies.

3. How can enduring peace be achieved in Afghanistan

The Islamic Emirate came into to being to bring peace to its people:

Peace and tranquility is the natural want of all creatures of Allah Alimighty and especially for humans, who are in need of peace more than any other being. Today humans have made much progress; for killing and destruction, it has created small, chemical and nuclear weapons therefore it is in need of peace more than ever and efforts must be made for peace.

Islamic Emirate, for peace and order, has given great sacrifices for this mutual goal whereas it actually came into being to bring peace and security. The entire world in aware that the oppressed Afghan nation faced great difficulties before the Islamic Emirate came into being; corruption and insecurity had reached its peak; the life and property of the people were in constant danger and the country was standing on the brink of disintegration. The leaders of Islamic Emirate, with the divine help of Allah Almighty and backing of its nation, and result of many sacrifices brought end to all this anarchy such that no one could have ever imagined and transformed an atmosphere of insecurity and disorder to that of security and peace.

Taking away security from the Afghan nation under guise of September incident:

The Islamic Emirate had brought security to 95% of the country and this displays the responsibility of Islamic Emirate which it had and still has regarding the world, region and specifically its own country and nation. However with great regret, the invaders deprived the Afghan nation from this great blessing. They brought insecurity for the Afghan people in this eleven year war and fighting, brought culture of injustice and corruption, stirred up market of killings and murders, over flooded pools with blood, stuffed prisons with the Afghan people, began oppression of children, women, old men and youngsters in villages and homes, created difficulties for the lives of women which is their most basic and important right and planted seeds of enmity between Afghanistan and its neighboring countries.

Some primary problems created by this illegal and peace-shattering invasion

1. Occupying Afghanistan and disturbing atmosphere of peace.

2. Forcing an administration on Afghans embroiled in corruption and narcotics trade.

3. Working to divide the Afghan nation and country on basis of regional, lingual, tribal, political and religious animosities.

4. Nurturing narcotics while the Islamic Emirate had brought it to a complete end.

5. Violating human rights, the most important issue of which is the life and destiny of women. According to well established researches, thousands of women are targets of repression every year, hundreds of whom have even died.

Invaders and their allies don’t have a clear framework for peace:

Foreigners and Kabul do not have an inclination towards peace and neither are they ready to abide by the rules and goals of peace. If the invaders truly believe in peace, they would have listened to the legitimate demands of Islamic Emirate in the initial phase. They should have tested peace before force; if it had failed to give results then war was a last resort however they chose war as the first option.

Even now, they state one thing and do another. On the one hand they say that peace must be achieved an on the other, they add new people to the black list; they say that they will leave Afghanistan but sign strategic pacts in false hopes of prolonging their occupation. They are doing this despite being well informed that the Kabul administration can never represent the Afghan people but still bargain with them on the future of the Afghan nation.

The Kabul administration does not hold any jurisdiction or power because the Afghan people, in their own land and through the medium of Kabul, are being imprisoned by the invaders! With their presence and their help, the homes of Afghans are being recklessly raided by the invaders at night against all laws and customs; children, women and old men peacefully asleep are being mercilessly killed and they are still unable to take any steps against them.

The Kabul administration is does not seem inclined towards peace due to some steps and because it does not have a clear framework for peace. On the one hand it says that it wantd peace and on the other, martyrs tens of Mujahideen everyday or imprisons them or forces them to migrate. It shouts for peace but then unjustly and brutally executes imprisoned Mujahideen against all international laws!

Sometimes it says it wants to talk with the Islamic Emirate, sometimes it says it wants to talk to Pakistan! Such ambiguous actions will never positively impact the peace process.

In reality, they want surrender of Mujahideen under the title of peace; give up arms, abide by the constitution created under the shadow of invaders and bow your heads to our orders and we won’t say anything to you! Is this peace? Do they think that the Afghan nation gave colossal sacrifices for the past eleven years to surrender to the invaders? So that someone will assure their lives? This clearly shows that they do not have sincerity and a clear framework for peace.

Malicious propaganda against peace:

Another factor damaging peace are those efforts made through poisonous propaganda deployed inside the country which tries to depict reality in another color. Different types of propaganda is used against the ongoing Jihad; sometimes it is labeled the work of neighbors, sometimes as against education and development and sometimes is accused of causing civilian casualties but never seem to possess strong evidence and only reiterates repeated charges. Such black propaganda only prolongs the war and uproots chances for peace.

Everyone is aware that members of Islamic Emirate, for their independent Islamic and national policy, have not only tasted torture and martyrdom inside their internal prisons but have also been victims of such behavior in prisons outside the country. So can men of such determination and ideology ever become slaves of others?

The esteemed Amir ul Mumineen (may Allah protect him) has given strong and clear guidelines to his Mujahideen, who are still practicing them, in all his Eid messages regarding destruction of educational facilities, protection of civilian life and bombings in places of gatherings which have also been published in the media. However we can see that some intelligence agencies are reaching for grotesque actions (blowing up bridges, throwing acid on faces of students and targeting civilian vehicles with roadside bombings) while the Kabul administration has never given thought to the guidance of Amir ul Mumineen and is blindly using these incidents as raw material for its poisonous propaganda. Similarly, they never release findings of such incidents which show that these have not been perpetrated by the Mujahideen and are works of intelligence agencies. They are either void of courage to announce the reality or believe keeping silent is in their best interest.

They believe that with such actions, they will sideline the Islamic Emirate from people and the world and extend its power a few more days. Peace is being sacrificed in the long run with such unreasonable actions and poisonous propaganda. If this keeps continuing, it will only harm peace, country and the people.

The Kabul administration and its backers must realize that such tactics did not bring security to the people but threw them into raging fire, violated their rights and prolonged the invasion and will still fail to bring peace.

How can real peace be achieved?

The situation in Afghanistan is two faceted, one of which is foreign and the other internal. The foreign facet is tied to the foreigners and the internal to the Afghans. How can they reach an understanding so that, in accordance with the aspirations of the nation, such an independent Islamic government can come into being which will guarantee justice, stability, development, economic growth and prosperity; wipes the tears of widows and treats the wounds of the people.

The Islamic Emirate, alongside all its efforts inside the country, is struggling for a true Islamic system and enduring peace and considers it vital for human life and regards the following few points important:

1. For enduring peace, importance must be placed on the aspirations of the people. The occupation must be ended as a first step which is the want of the entire nation because this is the mother of all these tragedies. Invaders and their allies must realize that no international power can subdue the power of people and neither can the quandary end with irresponsible and unlawful agreements.

2. Islam is the religion of our people and the only guarantor of the country’s economic growth, social justice and national unity. Without an independent Islamic government, no other system can solve our problems because the Muslim Afghan nation will not accept any other system contradicting a pure independent Islamic government and they have presented countless sacrifices for this goal for the past thirty years and are still sacrificing.

3. Peace needs sincerity and good intention. Common and national interests must be favored over personal interests. Peace can only be achieved under these circumstances and not through deceit and stratagems. We are seeing that every time the Islamic Emirate takes steps towards peace, Kabul administration takes reactive tactical steps which (according to their own belief) has the potential to derail the peace process while at the same time not seem counterproductive i.e when the Islamic Emirate inaugurated its political office in Doha for peace talks, the Kabul administration, with the backing and America, recalled its ambassador to damage the peace process.

4. The leader of Islamic Emirate, the esteemed Amir ul Muminee (may Allah protect him), clearly stated in his Eid message that we only have one channel for political efforts in form of an office and have made it known to everyone. But still the Kabul administration, under the title of peace process for sabotaging peace, makes contacts with people that have not been appointed by Islamic Emirate for peace talks and then accuses the Islamic Emirate of trying to derail peace. Peace is not a game of chess where every side is laying in ambush for the other rather peace is a joint responsibility and a mean of giving right to the entitled. Peace must be looked at with this vision and ways must be paved for it.

5. The Islamic Emirate welcomes all civil societies that work for the benefit of the Afghan nation and abides by Afghan norms and humanity in the light of Islamic principles.

6. The policy of Islamic Emirate is clear regarding role of women. It will abide by all those rights given to women in the noble religion of Islam. Women in Islam have the right to choose husbands, own property, right to inheritance and right to education and work. The Islamic Emirate will safeguard the rights of women such that their legitimate rights are not violated and neither is their human dignity and Islamic requirements endangered under the guise of education and work.

7. In accordance with rules and regulations of peace, such bodies should be utilized that believe in the sanctity of peace and are famously known in the country as righteous peace brokers. They must consider establishment of peace as vital for the Afghans and must not look at it through the lens of a request made by the foreigners.

8. For peace, talks must practically be given preference over war. At this very moment, Kabul administration and its foreign allies are trying to put pressure on Mujahideen so that they make peace according to their conditions and this truly increases hurdles for peace.

9. As long as Mujahideen are imprisoned where they spend nights in torture and persecution, true peace is cannot be achieved.

10. The Islamic Emirate wants to interact with the world and region on basis of mutual respect and two-way cooperation. It did not harm anyone before neither will it today or in the future and neither will it let others use the Afghan soil against others.

To end, a few appeals to the international community regarding establishment of peace:

1. The whole impartial international community, be they countries or nations, associations or societies, especially the International Ulama Council, the Islamic Conference, Islamic governments and people, must lend all faceted help to the Afghans in putting an end to the occupation in order to remove this hurdle and pave the way for inter-Afghan understanding.

We specifically ask the member states of United Nations to stand next to the oppressed Afghan people as they stood with the Palestinian people. Just as you did not care about force and pressure from others, adopt a similar and based-on-realities policy for the Afghan nation so that on the one hand, help is rendered to a persecuted nation and on the other, the tyrants realize that their oppression and cruelty will no longer be tolerated and they end their wrong doings.

2. America and those who have allied with them under different names must answer the calls of the Afghan and their own nations, withdraw all their troops and put an end to the killing and oppression of the helpless Afghans. Instead help them with such that creates an atmosphere of peace between them.

The step taken by France in this regard is worth respecting. All the others should follow the footsteps of France and listen to the wants and interests of their people. Just as you do not desire killings, disorder, injustice, corruption and treachery for your own nations, do not desire it for others either.

3. We especially call on all those nations, whose governments have sent their sons against their approval to kill the innocent Afghan people, to take a page from the French nation and put pressure on their governments to withdraw its troops from our country.

4. The Islamic Emirate should be granted freedom of speech. It should be helped in reaching its voice to the world so they are able to themselves directly communicate their policy and demands. We also ask the international community to furnish all members of Islamic Emirate with facilities and exert efforts in removing all obstacles.

We thank the government of Japan and officials of Doshisha University for giving the Islamic Emirate an opportunity to communicate its views and policies to the world and now thank the officials of Foundation for Strategic Research and all other related sides in helping the Islamic Emirate in this regard. Other nations, in order to realize the realities, must also take similar steps.

5. We hope the international media will help properly reach the voice of the Afghan nation to the region and the world and accurately show the ground realities to the people because this is their humanitarian responsibility and from the ethics of journalism.

And this is never hard for Allah Almigthy

Key Afghans Tied to Mass Killings in ’90s Civil War

MAZAR-I-SHARIF, Afghanistan — The atrocities of the Afghan civil war in the 1990s are still recounted in whispers here — tales of horror born out of a scorched-earth ethnic and factional conflict in which civilians and captured combatants were frequently slaughtered en masse.

Stark evidence of such killings are held in the mass graves that still litter the Afghan countryside. One such site is outside Mazar-i-Sharif, in the north. It lies only half-excavated, with bones and the remains of clothing partially obscured by water and mud from recent flooding. Experts say at least 16 victims are here, and each skull that lies exposed is uniformly punctured by a single bullet-entry hole at the back.

The powerful men accused of responsibility for these deaths and tens of thousands of others — some said to be directly at their orders, others carried out by men in their chain of command — are named in the pages of a monumental 800-page report on human rights abuses in Afghanistan from 1978, before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, to the fall of the Taliban in 2001, according to researchers and officials who helped compile the study over the past six years.

The list of names is a sort of who’s who of power players in Afghanistan: former and current warlords or officials, some now in very prominent positions in the national government, as well as in insurgent factions fighting it. Many of the named men were principals in the civil war era after the Soviet Union withdrew, and they are also frequently mentioned when talk here turns to fears of violence after the end of the NATO combat mission in 2014. Already, there is growing concern about a scramble for power and resources along ethnic and tribal lines.

But the report seeking to hold them accountable is unlikely to be released anytime soon, the researchers say, accusing senior Afghan officials of effectively suppressing the work and those responsible for it. For their part, human rights activists say the country is doomed to repeat its violent past if abuses are not brought to light and prosecuted.

At the same time, some officials here — including some American diplomats — express worry that releasing the report will actually trigger new civil strife.

Titled simply, “Conflict Mapping in Afghanistan Since 1978,” the study, prepared by the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, details the locations and details of 180 mass graves of civilians or prisoners, many of the sites secret and none of them yet excavated properly. It compiles testimony from survivors and witnesses to the mass interments, and details other war crimes as well.

The study was commissioned as part of a reconciliation and justice effort ordered by President Hamid Karzai in 2005, and it was completed this past December. Some of the world’s top experts in forensics and what is called transitional justice advised the commission on the report and provided training and advice for the 40 researchers who worked on it over a six-year period.

Three Afghan and foreign human rights activists who worked as researchers and analysts on large sections of the report spoke about its contents on condition of anonymity, both out of fear of reprisal and because the commission had not authorized them to discuss it publicly.

According to Afghan rights advocates and Western officials, word that the report was near to being officially submitted to the president apparently prompted powerful former warlords, including the first vice president, Marshal Muhammad Qasim Fahim, to demand that Mr. Karzai dismiss the commissioner responsible, Ahmad Nader Nadery.

At a meeting on Dec. 21, including Mr. Karzai and other top officials, Marshal Fahim argued that dismissing Mr. Nadery would actually be too mild a punishment. “We should just shoot 30 holes in his face,” he said, according to one of those present. He later apologized to other officials for the remark, saying it was not meant in earnest.

Mr. Karzai did remove Mr. Nadery. But a spokesman for the president, Aimal Faizi, said it was “irresponsible and untrue” to say that the president fired Mr. Nadery because of the mass graves report or was trying to block its release. He also called the accounts of the Dec. 21 meeting with Marshal Fahim and other officials “totally baseless.”

Mr. Nadery had finished two five-year terms as a commissioner and the president was legally entitled to replace him, Mr. Faizi said. “This decision has nothing to do with any A.I.H.R.C. report on war atrocities,” he said. “We believe that if there is any such report by the A.I.H.R.C., sooner or later it will come up and will be published one day.”

The figures accused in the report of playing some role in mass killings include some of the most powerful figures in Afghanistan’s government and ethnic factions, including the Northern Alliance that fought the Taliban in 2001.

Among them are First Vice President Fahim, a Tajik from the Jamiat Islami Party, and Second Vice President Karim Khalili, a Hazara leader from the Wahdat Party; Gen. Atta Mohammed Noor, a Tajik from the Jamiat Islami Party and now the governor of the important northern province of Balkh, of which Mazar-i-Sharif is capital; and Gen. Abdul Rashid Dostum, a former Uzbek warlord from the Jumbush Party who holds the honorary title of chief of staff to the supreme commander of the Afghan Armed Forces, among many others.

Those men gave no response to verbal and written requests for comment about their naming in the report.

In all, the researchers said, more than 500 Afghans are named in the report as responsible for mass killings, including the country’s revered national martyr, Ahmed Shah Massoud, one of the last militia leaders to hold out against the Taliban sweep to power and who was assassinated by Al Qaeda just before the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

The report also investigates killings of civilians and prisoners said to be carried out by the Taliban and other insurgents, including Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, the leader of the Hezb-i-Islami insurgents.

Named specifically in the report as responsible for war crimes in massacres of prisoners in northern Afghanistan are two Taliban commanders now held at the Guantánamo Bay prison camp — Mullah Fazul Akhund and Mullah Khairullah Khirkawa — and whose release is thought to be a condition of negotiations with the insurgent group.

Entombed Evidence

As the report languishes, evidence in the graves is being destroyed, sometimes as a function of poor care of the sites and sometimes intentionally.

One mass grave containing more than 100 dead was discovered in the Kefayet Square area of Mazar-i-Sharif, where General Noor holds sway, during a road-building project in March. The half-dozen bodies that were turned up were simply relocated to a cemetery and the construction went on, bulldozing over most of the rest of the remains.

In 2007, two mass graves in the Khalid Ibn al-Walid township of Mazar were simply covered over by construction of a new residential complex that researchers said was developed and owned by General Noor.

A researcher for the Afghan rights commission who investigated both of the graves in Khalid Ibn al-Walid said the victims were killed by General Noor’s political party, which had what the researcher called a “human slaughterhouse” on the site in the 1990s, as well as by the Taliban, who later took over the same facility for the same purpose.

In the case of the grave with exposed skulls, it was discovered in January by American and Afghan workers during a United States Army Corps of Engineers construction project in Dehdadi District, six miles outside Mazar-i-Sharif — one of at least two graves found there so far. Human rights investigators said that grave dated from the period when General Dostum and his Hazara allies controlled the site; the victims, their wrists still bound in many cases with stout twine, included women and children, judging from the clothing found with them.

During the civil war period, after the Communists were defeated and before the Taliban took power, warlords like General Noor, General Dostum, and the Hazara leader Hajji Mohammad Mohaqiq fought bitterly among themselves as well as against the Taliban, who are mostly ethnic Pashtuns. The conflict among these leaders, who had all fought in the jihad against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, was on both political and ethnic grounds.

For many Afghans, the warlords’ atrocities are taken as a given — old news better left unrevived.

“It will take us centuries to forget this,” said an Afghan National Army lieutenant colonel. “We don’t want to go back to those bad days again.”

In all, 13 mass graves have been identified in the Mazar-i-Sharif area, including one detailed by human rights workers in the Dasht-e-Leili desert in the neighboring Jawjzan Province, believed to contain 2,000 Taliban prisoners slaughtered by General Dostum’s forces.

“That grave was there and then suddenly it was not there,” said a second human rights worker who worked on the investigation in Jawjzan. “They just got rid of all the evidence.”

He said bulldozers were brought in during 2008 to remove the bodies, leaving huge pits behind. The remains were reportedly incinerated at a secret location, he said.

A Question of Will

Mr. Nadery would not discuss the contents of the mapping report except in the most general way. “You open the map in the report, you see there are dots everywhere,” he said. “Everyone should know that what they suffered was not unique. We should be able to tell our people: ‘This is our past, this is our history. It’s ugly, it’s bad, but we should be able to face it.’ ”

He said he still hoped that the commission would be able to submit the report, although he conceded that those prospects looked dim.

“I don’t want the report to become an event, just a headline for one day,” he said. Instead, he said, it needs to be presented officially so it can be acted on officially, whether by the Afghan government or by the international community.

He said the report tallied more than a million people killed in the conflict and 1.3 million disabled, although not all of those are necessarily victims of war crimes.

Other human-rights officials in Afghanistan also expressed urgency about releasing the report.

“There are lots of examples where a report like this was an important first step to bringing justice for the victims,” said Heather Barr, head of the Human Rights Watch office in Afghanistan. “It does put pressure on people who are named; it leads at least to marginalizing them.”

The volatility of the accusations was on full display in April, when a well-established but small political bloc, the Afghanistan Solidarity Party, held a demonstration against what it said were war criminals in government. “For us there is no difference between the Taliban and these war criminals,” said Hafizullah Rasikh, a party spokesman. “They are like twin brothers.”

Parliament responded with a declaration accusing the party of treason and demanding its disbandment.

A former mujahedeen commander, Abdul Hafiz Mansoor, who is now an editor of a weekly publication called Mujahed, did not deny that many atrocities took place, on all sides.

“One cannot make war with rosewater,” he said, referring to a popular ingredient in sweets and perfumes here. “If this war and all these killings were so bad, then why aren’t we putting their international backers on trial? If we talk about violation of human rights, we should accuse the U.N. special representative for Afghanistan, who supported the mujahedeen at the time and now calls them warlords. Or President Ronald Reagan, who provided these warlords and human rights violators with Stinger missiles.”

The American Embassy here has been another source of objection to the mass-graves report. American officials say releasing the report would be a bad idea, at least until after Afghanistan’s 2014 presidential election — which is also when the NATO combat withdrawal should be complete. “I have to tell you frankly on the mapping thing, when I first learned about it, it scared me,” said a senior American official, speaking on condition of anonymity as a matter of embassy policy. “There will be a time for it, but I’m not persuaded this is the time.”

“It’s going to reopen all the old wounds,” the official said, noting that several men who were bitter rivals during the civil war were at least nominally working together in the government now.

For its part, the United Nations has supported release of the report. “The U.N. position has always been that such reports should always be released publicly,” said Georgette Gagnon, the top human rights officer for the United Nations mission in Afghanistan. “But it’s up to the commission and we would support whatever they decide to do.”

Of the 180 graves documented in the report, only one has so far been exhumed forensically because the Afghan authorities lack the facilities to carry out DNA testing and the sort of scientific identification of remains that was done systematically in Bosnia.

That one was a grave on the grounds of the Interior Ministry in Kabul, according to M. Ashraf Bakhteyari, head of the Forensic Science Organization, a foreign-trained group that carried out the exhumation. Mr. Bakhteyari said he was ordered by the Interior Ministry not to divulge who the victims were. “It is classified information,” he said.

He is frank, though, about the prospects for investigating the rest of Afghanistan’s mass graves. “It is impossible to prosecute those who are responsible for the mass graves,” Mr. Bakhteyari said. “Neither the international community nor the Afghan government have the will to do that.”

Source: NYT

“The Afghans say that it is impossible to obtain a public service without paying a bribe”

 

Found out a quite interesting report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) saying that “An overwhelming 59 per cent of the population said that their daily experience of public dishonesty is a bigger concern than insecurity (54 per cent) or unemployment (52 per cent).”.

A report on Corruption in Afghanistan, released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), shows that the Afghan people regard corruption as their biggest problem. An overwhelming 59 per cent of the population said that their daily experience of public dishonesty is a bigger concern than insecurity (54 per cent) or unemployment (52 per cent). “The Afghans say that it is impossible to obtain a public service without paying a bribe,” says UNODC Executive Director, Antonio Maria Costa.
The report is based on interviews with 7,600 people in 12 provincial capitals and more than 1,600 villages around Afghanistan. It records the real experiences (rather than just the perceptions) of urban as well as rural dwellers, men and women between autumn 2008 and autumn 2009.

Part of everyday life
The report shows that graft is part of everyday life in Afghanistan. During the survey period, one Afghan out of two had to pay at least one kickback to a public official. More than half of the time (56 per cent), the request for illicit payment was an explicit demand by the service provider. In most instances (three quarters of the cases), baksheesh (bribes) are paid in cash. The average bribe is US$160 in a country where GDP per capita is a mere US$425 per year. “Bribery is a crippling tax on people who are already among the world’s poorest,” said Mr. Costa.
Largest income generators
The problem is enormous by any standards. In the aggregate, Afghans paid out US$2.5 billion in bribes over the past 12 months – that’s equivalent to almost one quarter (23 per cent) of Afghanistan’s (licit) GDP. By coincidence, this is similar to the revenue accrued by the opium trade in 2009 (which UNODC estimates at US$2.8 billion). “Drugs and bribes are the two largest income generators in Afghanistan: together they correspond to about half the country’s (licit) GDP,” says the head of UNODC.

The biggest culprits
According to the survey, those entrusted with upholding the law are seen as most guilty of violating it. Around 25 per cent of Afghans had to pay at least one bribe to police and local officials during the survey period. Between 10-20 per cent had to pay bribes either to judges, prosecutors, or members of the government. Afghans were asked to pay a bribe 40 per cent of the times that they had contacts with senior politicians. A kickback is so commonly sought (and paid) to speed up administrative procedures that more than a third of the population (38 per cent) thinks that this is the norm. Few people think there is any meaningful recourse: despite the pervasiveness of the problem, only 9 per cent of the urban population has ever reported an act of corruption to authorities.
The international community does not escape criticism: 54 per cent of Afghans believe that international organizations and NGOs, “are corrupt and are in the country just to get rich”. This perception risks undermining aid effectiveness and discrediting those trying to help a country desperately in need of assistance.

Money is corrupting traditional power structures
Corruption is also breaking down traditional patron-client relations. “The rapid influx of vast drug (and aid) monies have created a new caste of rich and powerful individuals who operate outside the traditional power/tribal structures and bid the cost of favours and loyalty to levels not compatible with the under-developed nature of the country,” says Mr. Costa. “Criminal graft has become similarly monumental, perverse and growing and is having political, economic and even security consequences,” he says. Lack of confidence in the ability of public institutions to deliver public goods is causing Afghans to look for alternative providers of security and welfare, including anti-government elements. “If the very foundation of traditional Afghan justice (administered by the village elders in the shura) is weakened, the recourse to more violent forms of retribution (the Taliban sharia) becomes treacherously appealing,” warns Mr. Costa.

Treat the cancer of corruption
“The cancer of corruption in Afghanistan is metastatic,” warns Mr. Costa. “In order to prevent this condition from becoming terminal, President Karzai must urgently administer tough medicine based on the United Nations Convention against Corruption which he pushed so hard to ratify,” he says. This includes preventive measures, like turning the High Office of Oversight and Anti-Corruption into “an independent, fearless and well funded anti-corruption authority. At the moment this is not the case”. He calls for surgery “to remove malignant tumours in public office”: public officials should be vigorously vetted, “including the use of polygraphic technology”; public servants should disclose their incomes and assets; and governors and local administrators “with proven records of collusion with shady characters” should be removed.
Many Afghans (40 per cent) pay bribes to cut through the red tape of administrative procedures that they do not understand, or to cope with poor quality service. “Intentionally providing bad service or making procedures complex in order to extract bribes amounts to extortion,” says Mr. Costa. He calls for administrative procedures to be simplified, better explained, and more user-friendly. He also calls for full transparency in public procurement, tendering processes and political campaigns, as well as tightening of the regulation of financial institutions (including the hawala system) in order to prevent money laundering.

Plug the black hole
“Everyone says that corruption is a massive problem in Afghanistan: this report proves that the average Afghan agrees,” says Mr. Costa. “It’s time to drain the swamp of corruption in Afghanistan, to stop money and trust disappearing down a big black hole. Corruption is the biggest impediment to improving security, development and governance in Afghanistan,” said the head of UNODC when launching the report. “It is also enabling other forms of crime – like drug trafficking and terrorism,” he warned.

The highest priority
“In the same way that a growing number of Afghan provinces have become poppy-free, a nation-wide anti-corruption drive is needed to strengthen integrity, district by district and province by province,” says Mr. Costa. “I urge the new Afghan government to make fighting corruption its highest priority, and the international community to use the London Conference to set clear benchmarks, based on the UN Convention against Corruption.”
In the past, different countries took the lead in pushing for reform in a number of areas in Afghanistan like counter-narcotics, policing, justice, and security. Now the trend is towards “Afghanization”. “In its fight against corruption, Afghanistan must be the lead nation,” says Mr. Costa.
* *** *
For further information, please contact:
Walter Kemp
Spokesman and Speechwriter, UNODC
Mobile: (+43-699) 1459-5629
Email: walter.kemp@unodc.org

Read the full report!

Mass murder in Kandahar

Yet again do we hear the news about brutal killing of innocent civilians in the “war on terror” that USA has brought to Afghanistan. A war that shouldn’t be in Afghanistan but in fact in Pakistan since Taliban and Al-Qaida are hiding in Pakistan. We can not accept that American forces are full of brutal, incompetent and criminal psychopaths shooting civilians and in return get an excuse from the leaders at Washington. Noticing from the images, the Americans are not in Afghanistan to rebuild and make the future brighter for general Afghans. In fact these people still live in mud houses with no electricity or clean water. If the task is not to rebuild then the American troops has nothing to do in Afghanistan. Let the Afghans determine their own future.  Where are the demonstrations? Why is no one demonstrating for the people of Kandahar? If the same thing had happened in Bamiyan or Panjsher, the streets would be crowded with people. But no one is standing up for these poor Afghans in southern Afghanistan. I just remember the demonstrations when the conflict between Kuchi people and Hazara from last summer. I also recall the demonstration when the criminal warlord Daoud Daoud was killed and all the demonstrations for justice. Why is no one asking for justice now?

Kabul, Afghanistan – As the 16 civilian victims of a US sergeant’s shooting spree in southern Afghanistan are buried, new details of the horrific episode are emerging. Nine of those killed were children. Three were women.

The residents of Panjwai district in the volatile Kandahar province said they showed no resistance during the mass murder – because they have become used to regular night raids by both foreign and Afghan forces.

“We have learned that our houses will be searched at night, and we just cooperate,” one resident told Al Jazeera.

“Earlier in the night, there had been helicopters hovering over the district, and people had prepared for night raids – for their houses to be searched,” Abdul Rahim Ayoubi, a member of parliament from Kandahar, told Al Jazeera.

Panjawi resident Gul Bashra told the Associated Press: “Americans are always threatening us with dogs and helicopters during night raids.”

Hamid Karzai, the Afghan president, was briefed about the shooting – which happened in the early hours of the morning, with accounts suggesting as early as 2am local time – during his breakfast, said an official in his national security team. The palace did not know of the exact number of casualties, so the president dispatched an investigating team to the district, before leaving to address a gathering to belatedly mark International Women’s Day.

The sergeant entered three homes in two villages, one to the north and another to the south of the military base, Haji Agha Lalai Dastagiri, a member of the president’s investigating team, told Al Jazeera. Dastagiri was originally from Panjwai district, and has led the Kandahar provincial council since the assassination of Ahmad Wali Karzai.

The villages are roughly two to three kilometres apart.

“From his footprints, we could tell he had tried to kick open the gates of many houses, but had failed. He had finally found one gate open,” said Dastagiri.

The sergeant killed eleven members of that household, but information as to the exact sequence of events remains conflicted. Dastagiri said the soldier had gathered his victims in one room and opened fire.

Ayoubi, the politician, said the sergeant had opened fire as the victims were sleeping in their beds.

“The children had one bullet in their heads each, as if it was a well-planned execution,” a senior government official told Al Jazeera on condition of anonymity.

The soldier, who reportedly has two children of his own, was laughing as he opened fire, one of the six who survived their wounds told the official when he visited the hospital.

“In the house that he killed eleven people, some of the victims were burned. It is unclear whether he deliberately set them on fire, or the blankets caught fire from the bullets,” Ayoubi said.

‘Dangerous silence’

The soldier then continued his rampage to a village to the south of the small military base, killing five – in some accounts six – people in two separate homes.

“Some people are saying it could not have been the work of one soldier,” said Ayoubi. “The villages are about four kilometres apart. And the bases are protected by cameras, they have security procedures, how does one soldier walk out like that? It is not as if we are talking about the illiterate, untrained Afghan army. This is supposed to to be the best army in the world.”

But Dastagiri, who visited the cites as part of the initial investigation, found no evidence to suggest the involvement of more than one person.

“He [the shooter] had tried to come back to his base – which is a joint base with Afghan army.The Afghan soldiers were surprised to see a lone US soldier walking in that time of the morning, so they had taken his weapon,” Dastagiri said.

“If he had entered the way he had left, no one would have known who killed all those people.”

The NATO-led international coalition was swift in its condemnation, releasing multiple statements, pledging a rapid and thorough investigation.

But the incident, coming after weeks of anger over US soldiers burning copies of the Quran, has made things difficult for two men in particular: President Karzai and General John Allen, the US commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan.

At least 41 Afghans died in the country-wide protests against the Quran burning. Six foreign soldiers were also shot by their Afghan counterparts, believed to be angered by the Quran burning incident.

Karzai has been outspoken against civilian casualties and has repeatedly demanded an end to night raids.

He remained on the phone to people in Panjwai all day, speaking to elders and victims’ families, said Karzai’s aides.

“You always talk about ending the night raids, but aren’t you ashamed that you haven’t done anything?” one Panjwai elder told the president over the phone, a national security council official told Al Jazeera.

The US embassy in Kabul sent out an alert to its citizens, cautioning that as a result of the shooting “there is a risk of anti-American feelings and protests in coming days”.

But Panjwai remained calm, overwhelmed by its grief.

“Our silence is dangerous,” said Ayoubi, who was meeting with elders all day in Kandahar. “On the one hand, we no longer know who to complain to. The Taliban kill us, the international forces kills, and the government is helpless. There is no door left for us to knock on anymore,” .

“I asked the elders here, why no demonstrations, no outcry? They say they are silent because they want to deliberate their moves, they want to decide. And once they decide, there will be no army, no force that can stop them. Sixteen were martyred, but they will give 80 lives, so another 20 can live in dignity.”

Reporting by Qais Azimy in Kabul, Afghanistan and Mujib Mashal in Doha, Qatar.

Ensamkommande flyktingbarn från Afghanistan

Jag har noterat att fler och fler ensamkommande flyktingbarn från Afghanistan har hittat sin väg till Sverige. Uteslutande alla av dessa barn tillhör den etniska gruppen Hazarer. Man kan fråga sig hur det kommer sig att just Hazara skickar sina barn till Sverige?
Det krävs ingen stor tankekraft att komma fram till det handlar om en organiserad flyktingsmuggling. Hazara är kända för att hålla samman och deras nära band med iranier förstärker mina misstankar om att just Hazara folket kommer i stora vågor till Sverige och norra Europa.

Flera fall i media har uppmärksammats där just dessa flyktingBARN i själva verket är mycket äldre än vad de uppger sig vara. Hazara är av mongoliskt härkomst vilket innebär att de är kortväxta och svåra att bedöma åldern på. Migrationsverket verkar lita blint på åldern dessa ”barn” uppger.

Något annat som migrationsverket verkar lita blint på är att i princip alla dessa ensamkommande Hazara-barn kommer från krigshärjade delar av Afghanistan. Alla uppger att de är antingen från Helmandprovinsen eller från Kandahar där kriget och oroligheterna är som värst. Faktum är att inga av dessa flyktingbarn kan någon Pashto som är språket som talas i både i Kandahar och i Helmand.

Jag har träffat på flera av dessa flyktingbarn/män och när man frågar dem var de kommer ifrån så vill de inte ens säga att de är från Afghanistan. Uteslutande uppger de att de är från Iran. När jag väl presenterar mig själv så ändrar de sin historia och säger att de är från Afghanistan och att de skäms för att kalla sig Afghaner. Naturligtvis kan det vara så att många av dessa flyktingar kan vara födda och uppvuxna i Iran men att skämmas för sina rötter innebär att dessa personer saknar ryggrad och stolthet.

Flera av dessa är aktiva inom Svenska Afghanistan Kommittén där deras mål är att misskreditera övriga folkgrupper i Afghanistan. Vid ett tillfälle hörde jag en av Hazara-medlemmen kläcka ur sig att landet inte heter Afghanistan och att han själv ville kalla landet för Afghanistani (allt för att förneka sitt ursprung). Skammen att kalla sig Afghan är såpass stor att de gör allt för att misskreditera landet och dess övriga befolkning. Samma land som de så falskt uppger när de väl kommer till Sverige för att söka asyl i.

Slutligen har ingen undgått att dessa barn har vid flera tillfällen varit involverade i våldtäckter och andra hedersrelaterade brott. Barn våldtar som sagt inte men som tidigare nämnts så är dessa barn i själva verket vuxna män.

Myndigheterna måste vara mer uppmärksamma på hur man dels identifierar dessa flyktingbarn samt hur man fastställer dessa barns ålder. Statistiken visar tydliga trender och mycket kan läras om man studerar detta.

Nedan ser ni flyktingströmmen från Afghanistan (upp till 17 år) och av alla dessa är över 68 % ensamkommande flyktingbarn. Av dessa barn är ca 89 % tillhörande den etniska gruppen Hazara.

Hur kommer det sig att en såpass stor del av dessa ensamkommande flyktingbarn tillhör just den etniska folkgruppen Hazara? Det är uppenbart att det handlar om människosmuggling i stor skala. Där familjen i hemlandet (Iran, Pakistan och Afghanistan) skuldsätter sig för att säkerställa att barnen tar sig till Sverige och kan på så sätt återbetala skulden med bidragspengar.

Tidningen Riksdag & Departement nr 7/2012 skriver att Riksrevisionen identifierat kostnaden i  Sigtuna kommun för ensamkommande flyktingbarn till  15 816 kronor – per “barn” och dygn. Det handlar om stora summor för barn som i själva verket är vuxna människor och som på falska grunder hittar på rövarhistorier om deras utsatta situation i Kandahar eller Helmand.


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